Latest Posts

Leukemia – Symptoms and Treatment

Any cancer that affects white blood cells might be referred to as leukaemia. The type of leukaemia and its level of aggression can affect how quickly the cancer spreads. However, treatment and anticancer medicines are available to treat it but first of all we will learn about the leukaemia.

What Exactly is Leukaemia?

A malignancy of the blood cell is called leukaemia. Blood cells can be divided into a number of main categories, including platelets, white blood cells (WBC), and red blood cells (RBC). Leukaemia often refers to WBC malignancies.

WBCs play an important role in your immune system. Your body is shielded from invasion by them from:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Fungi
  • Unusual cells
  • Unfamiliar substances

The WBCs don’t behave normally in leukaemia. They may also divide too quickly, pushing out healthy cells in the process.

WBCs are mostly created in the bone marrow, however specific kinds are also made in the:

  • Lymph glands
  • Spleen
  • Thoracic gland

WBCs are generated and then move through the lymphatic and blood vessels of the body to combat infection in the tissues.

What Signs or Symptoms Indicate Leukaemia?

Leukaemia symptoms can include:

  • Sweating excessively, especially during night
  • Non-recoverable tiredness and weakness
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Bone soreness and sensitivity
  • Swelling, painless lymph nodes
  • Enlarged spleen or liver
  • (Petechiae) Red dots on the skin
  • Bruising and bleeding rapidly
  • Cold or fever
  • Continual infections

Organs that the cancer cells have invaded or impacted by leukaemia can also exhibit symptoms. For instance, if a cancerous tumour grows to the nervous system’s center, it may result in

  • Headaches
  • Vomit and nausea
  • Confusion
  • Muscular incompetence
  • Seizures

The kind and severity of the leukaemia determine how aggressively the cancer spreads.

Leukaemia can also expand to many body regions, such as the following:

  • Lungs
  • The digestive system
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Testicles

Leukaemia Treatment

Hematologist-oncologists are typically the ones who treat leukaemia. The course of treatment and required cancer medications are determined by the cancer’s type and stage. The patient’s general health as well as any additional medical issues will also play a role.

Some leukaemia types grow gradually and might not require rapid treatment. However, leukaemia therapy generally includes a combination of any of the following:

Chemotherapy– Drugs are used in chemotherapy to kill leukaemia cells. You might take a single medication or a mix of medications, depending on the kind of leukaemia you have.

Radiation treatment– High-energy radiation is used in radiation therapy to harm leukaemia cells and stop their proliferation. You can receive radiation in one place or all over your body.

Transplanting of stem cells– By using healthy bone marrow from a donor or your own body, a transplant of stem cells can replace damaged bone marrow. An alternative name for this treatment is bone marrow transplantation.

Immune or biological therapy– Treatments that support your immune system’s ability to identify and combat cancer cells are used in biological or immunological therapy.

Targeted treatment– Targeted therapy makes use of drugs that target weaknesses in cancer cells. Imatinib, for instance, is a targeted medication frequently used to treat CML.

Leukaemia Diagnosis

If you exhibit worrying symptoms or any of the risk factors listed above, leukaemia may be suspected. A physician will start by reviewing your whole medical history and doing a physical examination.

However, a physical examination cannot completely identify leukaemia. Instead, medical professionals will use:

  • Blood test
  • Biopsies
  • Imaging exams

A biopsy and aspiration of the bone marrow is often used to confirm a diagnosis.

Long-term Prospects

The sort of cancer the patient has and their stage upon diagnosis determines their long-term prognosis. Your chance of remission increases with earlier diagnosis and quicker treatment of leukaemia.

Some elements, such as advanced age, a history of blood problems, and chromosome abnormalities, can have a detrimental impact on the prognosis.

According to the report, the 5-year survival rate—or the percentage of patients who survived for at least 5 years after a diagnosis—was 65% from 2014 to 2020.

It’s essential to remember that this number comprises patients of every age and leukaemia types. It doesn’t indicate how a particular person will fare. Find out your individual prognosis as you treat your leukaemia with the help of your medical team. Always keep in mind that every person’s situation is unique.

Latest Posts

Don't Miss